Difference Between Nomination And Assignment In Life Insurance

Difference Between Nomination And Assignment In Life Insurance

One of the most significant insurance policies that the insurer and the insured agree upon is life insurance. In accordance with the terms of a life insurance policy, the insurer undertakes to pay specific benefits to the policyholder’s beneficiaries in the event of the latter’s death or diagnosis of a terminal illness, as well as maturity benefits. Due to the numerous advantages life insurance provides, many people now choose to purchase it over other insurance policies. As a result, it’s critical to comprehend what life insurance is, and the various phrases used in relation to life insurance, including the frequently used terms nomination and assignment.

What does a life insurance nomination entail? 

The right of nomination in life insurance allows the policyholder to designate a close relative or dependent to receive the policy’s benefits upon their passing. The Insurance Act of 1938 established the nomination process. The person designated to receive all benefits during this process is referred to as the Nominee. The nomination process makes sure that the beneficiaries of life insurance continue to receive financial support even after the policyholder’s passing. There are various nominee categories, including the following: 

  • Beneficial Nominee: A beneficiary nominee is a member of the policyholder’s immediate family who is qualified to receive financial benefits, such as a spouse, children, or parent. 
  • Minor nominee: Children under the age of 18 who have been designated by the policyholder as minor nominees to receive insurance benefits upon their death are considered minor nominees. Nonetheless, a caretaker is appointed for kids until they turn 18 because they are not deemed eligible to receive benefits. The claim payment is made to the nominee’s minor nominee’s caretaker up until that point. 
  • Changing Nominee: Policyholders are allowed to change their nominations several times, but the current nominee should take precedence over all previous nominees.
  • Candidate who is not related to you: The people designated as nominees to receive the policy’s benefits are the policyholder’s distant relatives or acquaintances. 

In order to give the beneficiaries of policyholders a legal right to receive policy benefits after the latter’s passing, the nomination process is crucial. Moreover, more than one nominee may be included in a single policy; however, nominees are not permitted to request changes to the policy’s provisions. 

What does a life insurance assignment mean? 

Assignment in life insurance, as opposed to Nomination, is the process by which the policyholder transfers rights, ownership, title, and other things to another person or an entity. Section 38 of the Insurance Act of 1938 regulates the assignment process in life insurance. The person or entity receiving the policy in this process is known as the Assignee, and the person or entity receiving the policy is known as the Assignor. The rights of the policyholder are extinguished during this process when the policy is transferred, making the assignee the sole owner of the insurance. It is essential to understand what life insurance is. The following are the two methods by which Assignments can be completed: 

  • Absolute Assignment: The procedure through which the policy is entirely transferred to another organisation or person is referred to as an absolute assignment. There are no conditions attached to the procedure. 
  • Conditional Assignment: Conditional Assignment, on the other hand, describes the procedure by which the policy is transferred according to a set of rules and regulations. The policy will only be transferred from the assignor to the assignee once all terms and conditions have been met. 

A life insurance premium calculator is a tool you may use online to determine the amount of coverage required based on your needs.

Difference Between Nomination and Assignment

Point of Difference Nomination Assignment
Process The name of the nominee is listed as the primary step This is carried out through Endorsement of the life insurance policy
Policy Ownership In this case, the policyholder continues to be the owner, and ownership does not change. Here, ownership is transferred to a person or a company.
Witness There is no witness needed for the Nomination process A witness is required in the Assignment process
Policy Amount The nominee will get the claim amount Here, the assignee will get the entire policy money 
Sueing rights Here, the nominee has no right to sue the policyholder The assignee can sue the assignor of the policy in case of any discrepancy
Purpose To guarantee that the nominee receives the claim benefits following the policyholder’s passing All rights and ownership are transferred in the assignee’s name to ensure this.

A life insurance premium calculator is an easy-to-use tool to check the amount of premium you would have to pay.


Shankar is a tech blogger who occasionally enjoys penning historical fiction. With over a thousand articles written on tech, business, finance, marketing, mobile, social media, cloud storage, software, and general topics, he has been creating material for the past eight years.